Study tourism

Structure in Hancheng that is most typical of architecture from the Yuan Dynasty--Puzhao Temple

Puzhao Temple in Hancheng City is situated in Wu Village, Zancun Town, which is 10 kilometers northeast of downtown Hancheng. The ancient temple was built at the south end of the ancient fortified stockaded village there, standing right against the mountain nearby. Puzhao Temple is the structure in Hancheng that is most typical of architecture from the Yuan Dynasty.

In Puzhao Temple, precious architecture, sculpture, and paintings merge together to form a coherent whole, thereby turning the entire complex into a rare museum of precious artistic objects from the Yuan Dynasty.

The Big Buddha Hall has a single eave along the lower edge of a 9-ridge roof, which has a gentle slope, and the external columns have obvious pedestals and steep upgrades; it is obvious that the bucket arch was built in a Yuan-Dynasty style, but its structure of all-wood construction and how it was fabricated borrowed more from the Song Dynasty and Jin Dynasty than from the Yuan Dynasty.

There are five Buddhist figures in the hall: the figure of Gautama Buddha is at the center, and the figures of two other Buddhist deities stand on his left and right, while the figures of two other Buddhist deities sit opposite each other. The five Buddhist figures were obviously modeled on the Buddhist figures in the Grotto Temple in northern Shaanxi from the Northern Song Dynasty. Evidence has been founded from the belly of one of the two sitting figures of the Buddhist deities that the Buddhist figure was built in "May of the Bingyan Year of the Taiding Era" of the Yuan Dynasty (namely 1326 AD). This shows that these figures are the earliest clay Buddhist figures found in Shaanxi to this day.

There are 130 color paintings on the ceiling of the hall, which depict such things as flowers, grasses, insects, fish, human beings, and beasts so vividly that they look very alive. These paintings are precious artistic treasures from the Yuan Dynasty.