Study tourism

There might be crocodiles in Shaanxi (originally called Haojing) in ancient times

In 2016, during Shaanxi’s archaeological survey and excavation of Haojing Site, capital city of the Western Zhou Dynasty, bone lamellas of crocodiles were unearthed for the first time, which provided valuable material data for the research on climate change in the Western Zhou period. 

Haojing Site was where the capital city of the Western Zhou Dynasty was located. Nowadays, at the northwest of Chang’an District in the city of Xi’an, it is a key cultural relic protection unit at the national level. In 2016, archaeological excavation mainly focused on the east of Haojing Site. Inside an ash pit that had been dug open, archaeologists discovered 12 pieces of bone lamellas of crocodiles, which were dark brown in the shapes of a square or round, with honeycomb-like holes on the surface. 

“Through the living habits of crocodiles, we speculate that it was warm and humid in the Guanzhong Region during the Western Zhou Dynasty, with seaweeds being very lush and that a large area of waters might be in the southeastern part of Haojing,” said archaeologists.   

The ash pit is a general term that archaeology uses to refer to some discarded caves and caverns in ancient sites.  

This time, a great number of tombs was discovered, with an abundance of unearthed relics, including some ancient cooking tripods with hollow legs, potteries and other types of earthenware.