Red Tourism

Must-go place in Yellow River Tourism Belt -- Zaoyuan Revolutionary Site of Yan an

From 1937 to 1947, Yan'an was the seat of the CPC Central Committee and the capital of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region, the guiding center and general rear area for the Chinese revolution, as well as a sacred revolutionary place. The revolutionary site of Yan'an includes the site of the CPC Central Committee in Fenghuangshan, the site of the CPC Central Committee in Yangjialing, the site of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee in Zaoyuan, the Military Commission of the CPC Central Committee in Wangjiaping, the site of the Eighth Route Army General Headquarters, the site of the Government of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region, etc. It is a key heritage site under state protection in China.

Zaoyuan (Yanyuan) was the seat of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee. Located 8 kilometers northwest of Yan'an, it, formerly a lord manor, became the seat of the Social Department of the CPC Central Committee after the CPC Central Committee moved into Yan'an, thus being renamed "Yanyuan". On the both pillars of the entrance to the site is "Yanyuan" written by Kang Sheng. From 1944 to March 1947, it was the seat of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee. Here the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee continued to lead the Communist Party of China for the rectification movement and large-scale production campaign, prepared for the 7th CPC National Congress, led the army and the people to the final victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, and made full preparation for destroying the civil war launched by the Kuo Min Tang.

Home to the former residences of Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoqi and Ren Bishi, Zaoyuan is of great historic significance. With beautiful scenery throughout the year, tranquil environment, and buildings among a wide variety of flowers and trees, Zaoyuan is a garden-style revolutionary site, as well as one of important bases for Chinese revolution tradition education.

With 815 valuable cultural relic items on show, Zaoyuan revolutionary site has become one of important bases for Chinese revolution tradition education and plays a significant role in red tourism.

Before entering the residential area for leaders, tourists can see the bronze statues featuring then five secretaries of the CPC Central Committee (Ren Bishi, Zhou Enlai, Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Zhu De) striding forward.