City 、Natural scenery

Chinese Famous Historical and Cultural City---Hancheng

Hancheng, a Chinese famous historical and cultural city and one of the most important birthplaces of Chinese civilization, is the hometown of world historical and cultural celebrity Sima Qian, historical sage.

With unique ancient architecture, Hancheng is a natural museum of ancient architecture. So far, there have preserved more than 140 ancient buildings in the Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasties, 27 ancient sites, among which, ancient sites in Yuan Dynasty reached 20, the most in Shaanxi. The Puzhao Temple in Yuzancun Town was known as Shaanxi Yuan Dynasty Architectural Museum. Hancheng enjoys the reputation of “A Miniature of Beijing”. The courtyard houses of the Ming and Qing Dynasties are widely situated in the urban and rural areas, with unique pattern, rich connotation, brick-wood-stone structure and fine craftwork. In particular, Dangjia Village is the most typical and praised by domestic and foreign experts as “a treasure of world dwellings”, and “a living fossil of human civilization”. It has a contact layout, orderly patchwork, simple and elegant style, and strong cultural atmosphere. There are 125 well-preserved courtyard houses in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. There are pagodas and ancestral halls in the village, as well as public buildings including private schools, filial piety monument, housekeeping building, underground passages, whistle gates, etc. 

Jincheng District is the ancient city of Hancheng, which has simple and elegant pattern and well-preserved historical features. In the ancient city, there is a commercial street in the Ming and Qing Dynasties that runs through the city from north to south. It has a total length of nearly 1,000 meters, which is also a central axis that divides the ancient city into two parts. In the eastern part there is a cultural activity center, with the Confucian Temple, Chenghuang Temple, and Jiulang Temple and so on. In the other part there is a political activity center, with existing county hall, Longmen Academy, Zhuangyuan Ancestral Hall and so on. On both sides of the street are ancient shops in Ming-Qing building style, a total of 326 rooms in 87 buildings. The shops are divided into two storeys, with storage on the second storey and shops on the first storey. With blue brick and gray tile roof, compounded by blue slates, the ancient building shows its typical elegant appearance.

Sima Qian’s Temple & Tomb is a national key cultural relics protection unit, in which was built with Sacrifice Palace and residential palaces. It is situated in tranquil environment with towering ancient cypresses. The Longmen Scenic Area is shaped like a brake opening, clutching the throat of the Yellow River and creating rapid flow and surging waves. Besides, Wei Great Wall Site and Zhouyuan Dayu Temple are both national key cultural relics protection units.

Hancheng is abundant in cultural heritage, among which the most representative are threshold inscriptions, hundreds-surface-gong and drum, shrines, yangko and so on.

Hancheng’s major scenic areas and spots include: Hancheng Ancient City, Sima Qian’s Temple &Tomb, Dangjia Village Ancient Building Complex, and Yellow River Longmen

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