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What Is Shaanxi (IV)

Cultural Succession

5,000 years of civilization has been everlasting.

Shaanxi has created a large number of cultural masters who have been shining through the ages,
bringing brilliant cultural and artistic achievements to mankind.
The philosopher Lao Tzu taught “ethics” in Shaanxi 2,500 years ago,
and completed Tao Te Ching, “King of the Classics” in Louguantai,
achieved the zenith of ancient Chinese philosophy.
Louguantai is the first of the 72 homes of Taoism.
Chang’an imperial college was the supreme education institute in the Han Dynasty,
and also the first higher education institute established in China;
Guiguling in Shiquan, Shaanxi is “the world’s earliest military school”.
It used to be the place where Wang Xu (also known as Guiguzi), a famous strategist, educator, and ancestor of Political Strategists
lived and taught.
Shaanxi is the hometown of the first poetry collection of China, The Book of Songs.
The first poem of the collection “by riverside are cooing a pair of turtledoves”
depicts the impressive landscape of the Yellow River Wetland in Heyang, Weinan.
Sima Qian, a great writer, historian and thinker of Hancheng
composed Historical Records, “Historians of the masterpiece, without rhyme of Lisao”
You can walk into Sima Qian Memorial Temple,
getting to know a real and great master historian.
The Tang Dynasty, which lasted 289 years
represents the “Golden Age” of the unprecedented prosperity of Chinese poetry.
Romantic and heroic poet-immortal Li Bai, poet-saint Du Fu showing concern for the fate of his nation,
Bai Juyi, Wang Wei, Du Mu, Meng Haoran,
Han Yu and Liu Zongyuan, over 2,200 talented poets have endowed us
with over 48,900 outstanding poems.
Nearly half of them are composed about Chang'an,
contributed the immortal classics to the world’s literature treasures.
Zhang Zai of Mei County, Baoji left for us the masterpiece of
“To ordain conscience for Heaven and Earth, to secure life and fortune for the populace, to carry on lost teachings of ancient sages, 
to build peace for posterity”.
Cang Jie of Baishui, Weinan, the ancestor of Chinese characters, created hieroglyphics,
unveiling a new era of human civilization;
Cai Lun invented papermaking technique in Longtingpu Hanzhong for the benefit of mankind;
The Qin Empire secured the same wording of books, vehicle tracks, and unified weighing and measuring;
Such famous calligraphers as Yan Zhenqing of Xi’an, Liu Gongquan of Yaozhou, Tongchuan,
Cursive Sage Zhang Xu and Painting Sage Wu Daozi
created a brilliant era of Chinese calligraphy and painting art in Chang'an.
Shaanxi has over 2,000 years of tea history.
Ziyang Maojian, Hanzhong Xianhao, and Jingyang Fu Tea are famous all over the world;
The Wine Saint Du Kang made wine in the Baishui workshop; he was recognized as the first ancestor of winemaking.
The poetic phrase “How can I brush grief aside, but by drowning it in wine” is widely known.
"Qin Liquor" Xifeng has been passed down for over 3,000 years.
It is one of the top eight wines in China.
Qin Yueren, the originator of traditional Chinese medicine,
Treated patients here and enjoyed a reputation worldwide.
He was respected as a miracle doctor Bian Que;
Sun Simiao, “King of Medicine” in Yaozhou, Tongchuan
pushed the study of health thinking to the highest level.
Such works as the Qianjin Prescriptions
has been regarded as a clinical and practical encyclopedia of Chinese medical scientists.
Wang Zhe of Xianyang (i.e. Wang Chongyang) created the Quanzhen Taoism. 
The famous Taoist Zhang Sanfeng has been in Baoji Jintai Taoist Temple for five or six decades
and created Tai Chi.
Inheriting and promoting the court’s culinary skills and the knacks of all ethnic groups,
we have formed a unique cuisine culture in Shaanxi.
The folk culture of Shaanxi is as colorful as modern culture.
While controlling the flood, Dayu excavated the Dragon Gate in Hancheng.
“Carp Flying Over the Dragon Gate” becomes so well-known;
The story of the Chinese cowherd and weaver girl, one of “four great ancient love legends” also originated from Doumen, Xi'an according to research;
Countless legends are known to us,
such as “there are always fish willing to be caught by angler Jiang Taigong”,
“Xiao He chased Han Xin under the moonlight”, “Hongmen banquet”, “shepherd Su Wu”,
Zhuge Liang’s six outings of Mountain Qi,
and Mulan’s enlisting on behalf of her father.
Hundreds of cultural items are included in the list of intangible heritage at all levels, 
including Northern Shaanxi folk songs, Ansai waist drums, Huayin Laoqiao Opera etc.
Before the reform and opening up, the literary works represented by White Hair Girl, Yellow River Chorus 
and The East Is Red were produced.
A number of literary masterpieces have far-reaching influences, including Liu Qing’s History of Entrepreneurship and Du Pengcheng's Defending Yan’an,
and Lu Yao’s Ordinary World, 
Chen Zhongshi’s White Deer Plain 
and Jia Pingwa’s Qin Qiang since the reform and opening up.
A large number of film and television works have been hits, including Life, Red Sorghum, Ju Dou,
White Deer Plain and Ordinary World.

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