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What is Shaanxi (I)


Sanqin Source

Shaanxi is located at the geometric center of China’s geographical map.

The Qinling Mountains, stretching for over 1,600 kilometers, are the dividing line between north and south China.
Shaanxi has a total area of 205,800 square kilometers
and 38.35 million permanent dwellers;
By spanning the Yangtze River and the Yellow River,
and covering middle temperate, warm temperate, and sub-tropical zone,
Shaanxi naturally forms three major regions of northern Shaanxi, Guanzhong and southern Shaanxi.
It presents the diverse spectacle integrating southern water town, fertile plain 
and loess hills and ditches.
Potential economic value of mineral resources is the domestic first,
accounting for over one-third of the national total;
The coverage rate of forest and grass in Shaanxi has exceeded 70%.
The fascinating view formed by green mountains, clear water and blue sky can be seen everywhere.
Moreover, Shaanxi is a magic land for great civilization.
It boasts plenty of spiritual and natural identities for
Chinese civilization, revolution and geography
This is an important birthplace of the Chinese nation and culture.
Apart from such ancient histories as Homo Erectuslantianensis over 1.1 million years ago,Dali Man over 200,000 years ago, 
and Banpo matriarchal society over 6,000 years ago
The Shimao Site dating back to 4,300 years
is the largest domestic prehistoric urban ruins that has been discovered so far.
5,000 years ago, Yellow Emperor, 
the first ancestor of Han Chinese already created the Chinese civilization.
Yan Emperor invented the farming technique and discovered “Five Cereals”. 
He was thus respected as “Shen Nong”;
Offsprings of Yellow Emperor
promoted “five-cereal technique” and taught farming in Shaanxi.
Because of the splendid farming culture created, they are known as the initial ancestor of Chinese agriculture.
Shaanxi accommodates over 50,000 precious sites and 1 million pieces of cultural relics in museums.
Their integrity, diversity and supremacy are rare in the world.
Every site silently watches the spiritual homeland of the Chinese nation.
Each story builds a common homesickness of the descendants of the Yellow and Yan Emperor.
Shaanxi holds over 70 large emperors’ mausoleums,
representing the richest historical memory of the Chinese nation.
The Yellow Emperor Mausoleum is known as the “first mausoleum of the world”.
It is a national holy place where Chinese children inherit and carry forward Chinese culture.
With a history of 5,000 years, the cypress that the Yellow Emperor planted remains green and tall.
Terracotta Warriors are “the eighth wonder of the world”
as well as the world’s largest underground military museum.
Over 200 foreign heads of state and government leaders have successively visited the Terracotta Warriors.
Former French Prime Minister Jacques Chirac said, “You have not really been to Egypt
without seeing the pyramids;
You have not really been to China without seeing the Terracotta Warriors”.
Shaanxi is also the cradle of the Chinese revolution.
Northern Shaanxi is the foothold of the Red Army’s long march victory,
as well as the starting point for winning the victory of the anti-Japanese and Liberation War.
The Pagoda Mountain has emerged as the lighthouse of Chinese revolution.
The holy land of Yan'an is the spiritual home of the Chinese Communists;
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