A must in the Yellow River Tourist Belt- Baiyun Mountain in Northern Shaanxi_Most Popular_Travel_Tourism Bureau of Shaanxi Province

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A must in the Yellow River Tourist Belt- Baiyun Mountain in Northern Shaanxi

Baiyun Mountain is located on the bank of the Yellow River, 5 kilometers south of Jiaxian County in northern Shaanxi. It is famous for Baiyuan Temple on the top of the mountain and views of peculiar landscape of valleys along the Yellow River. Baiyun Mountain was started to be built in the Song Dynasty and the main construction done in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. After rebuilding and renovation through dynasties, Baiyun Mountain covers a total area of 200 mu, with 54 temples, 104 ancient buildings in all varieties, and cultural treasures such as architecture, murals, calligraphy, sculpture, and music. In the 46th reign of Emperor Wanli in Ming Dynasty (1618), the Emperor Zhu Yijun gave an imperial edict to Baiyun Temple and endowed it with 4,726 volumes of Taoism Collection. Since then, Baiyun Mountain has enjoyed great reputation around the country as an imperial Taoist temple. At present, Baiyun Mountain is a famous Taoist shrine in China, the largest ancient buildings in the Ming Dynasty along the Yellow River and a national key cultural relic protection unit.

Baiyun Mountain is featured with typical temple culture, which harmoniously integrates traditional Confucian culture, religious culture, Yellow River culture, loess culture and ethnic culture together. Its profound connotation, diverse forms and extensive contents make it a huge cultural treasure house.

In the autumn of 1947, when Chairman Mao Zedong fought in one place after another in Northern Shaanxi and came to Jiaxian County, on October 18th and 22nd (September 9th in Chinese lunar calendar), he climbed and had a tour in Baiyun Mountain twice. It happened to be Chongyang Festival, also Double-Ninth Festival, Chairman Mao happily joined in the tourists groups and viewed famous sights and places of historic interest. He highly appreciated the creative talents of the ancient working people. He said to the accompany people that temples were all built in a good place in the sense of feng shui. They are all good places for self-cultivation. Baiyuan Mountain is not high, yet Baiyun Temple is quite large. These are all cultural heritages and must be preserved.

In Baiyun Mountain, a large-scale traditional temple fair is held in January, on March 3, April 8 and September 9 in Chinese lunar calendar each year, during which period, there are sea of crowds where businessmen gather together. On July 21st in the Chinese lunar calendar, the Gathering of Taoist Followers is held where men of letters and scholars write poems or discuss Taoists doctrine.

Baiyun Mountain, “A Famous Scenic Spot in Western Shaanxi”, is widely known for the Baiyun Temple, the largest Ming-Qing ancient building complex in northwest China. It is so popular among tourists that every year, about 2 million people come to Baiyuan Mountain for sightseeing or worshiping. 

Website: www.sbbys.gov.cn

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