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Erlang Mountain Scenic Area--a must-see attraction on the Yellow River tourism belt

Located in Shenmu County, Yulin City, Shaanxi Province, Erlang Mountain, the national AAAA-level tourist attraction, is also known as the "Camelback Mountain" because there are two bulges in the central area of the mountain which resemble the shape of a camel's double humps. With an elevation of 1082 meters, it also has a reputation of "Small Hua Mountain in Northern Shaanxi", and becomes a landmark landscape of Shenmu County. The mountain is bounded by Kuye River and Tuwei River in front and the majestic Great Wall passing behind. There is a pine forest on the west with sand and stones amid; and steep cliffs on the east with pine and cypress trees standing erect. During Zhengde reign of the Ming Dynasty (1518 AD), Emperor Wuzong, Zhu Houzhao passed Shenmu County, in his eyes the Erlang Mountain looked quite like a penholder, so he gave it another name "Penholder Mountain".

The Erlang temple complex architecture was built in the 8th year of Zhengtong reign of the Ming Dynasty (1443 AD), dating back to nearly 600 years ago. More than 100 halls, temples, pavilions, towers and caves such as Baxian Cave and Ksitigarbha Cave scatter in harmony with the topographic characteristics along the ridges 1 km in front and at the back of the mountain from the Ksitigarbha Grotto at the foot to the Mountain Temple on the northern peak. These ancient buildings form an orderly layout combining rarefaction and density harmoniously. Among them, the well preserved stone carving of nine-dragon screen wall and stone vault carving, as well as some murals, steles and inscriptions, all have high artistic and historical value.

All religious activities in Erlang Mountain are managed by religious people and the religious atmosphere is very strong. It has always been a popular tourist spot in the neighboring provinces and regions such as Shanxi, Shaanxi and Mongolia, and the annual number of tourists reaches 300,000 person times. The traditional temple fairs on the 8th day of the first lunar month, the 8th day of the 4th lunar month and the 22nd day of the 6th lunar month every year gather numerous merchants and tourists here, the scene is extremely spectacular.

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