Must-go scenic area on the Yellow River tourism belt – Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor _Most Popular_Travel_Tourism Bureau of Shaanxi Province

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Must-go scenic area on the Yellow River tourism belt – Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor

Located on Qiaoshan Mountain and about one kilometer away from Huangling County, Shaanxi Province, the Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor is the cemetery of the Yellow Emperor, the earliest ancestor of the Chinese nation. As the holy land where the Chinese people offer sacrifices to ancestors, it is known as “the First Mausoleum.” Although there are many mausoleums of the Yellow Emperor across Chinese, the Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor in Huangling County is the only place that is listed as a key cultural relics site under the state protection. The Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor is surrounded by verdant forests of ancient cypresses. All previous dynasty governments attached great importance to the ancient cypresses. Governments of the Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties all issued instructions or general orders to protect the Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor. 

As a national AAAAA scenic area, the Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor Scenic Area consists of Xuan Yuan Temple and the Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor. Also known as the Temple of the Yellow Emperor, facing south, Xuan Yuan Temple was first built in the Han Dynasty. The main buildings of the temple include the gate, Sincerity Pavilion, Tablet Pavilion, and Human Ancestor Hall. Inside the temple are 16 ancient cypresses, among which the most precious is “Cypress Built by the Yellow Emperor” and “Cypress where Emperor Wu of Han Hanged His Armor.” The former cypress is about 20 meters high, vigorous and forceful. The leaves on the tree live in four seasons, dense and layered like a giant green umbrella. According to legend, this cypress was built by the Yellow Emperor himself. With a history of more than 5,000 years, it is the eldest cypress in the world. According to legend, the latter cypress was where Emperor Wu of Han hanged his armor. In 109 B.C., Empero Wu of Han waged a war on the north. On his way back to Chang’an, when he was offering sacrifices at the Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor, he pegged at the tree trunk of the cypress and hanged his armor, hence the name. The two cypresses are the main place where tourists take a photo. Inside the tablet corridor of Xuan Yuan Temple in the east are collections of 57 royal made tablets by emperors of previous dynasties. Now, the tablets in commemoration of the return of Hong Kong and Macao to China are also added here. The main temple hall of Xuan Yuan Temple hangs a gold plague written “Human Ancestor.” In the middle of the hall is a memorial tablet, written six Chinese characters “Memorial Tablet of the Yellow Emperor.” An embossed sculpture of the Yellow Emperor carved from black jade is inside a shrine.

The three big Chinese characters “Huang Di Ling” in front of the tomb was inscribed by Chiang Kai-shek. Since 770 A.D. when the temple was built and sacrifices were offered, this place had always been the place where previous dynasties held national sacrifice. Since the founding of new China, sacrificial ceremony has been held here during the Tomb-Sweeping Day and Double Ninth Festival every year. Especially, during the Tomb-Sweeping Day, national sacrifice has become a traditional Chinese national sacrificial ceremony. 

Address: No. 179 Dongguanmiao Front Area, Huangling County, Yan’an City

Website: www.hdlinfo.com

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